The short answer to this question is "No!" The Church of Jesus Christ will not suffer the wrath of the Lamb.1 The wrath of God is the judgment poured out on those who have rejected Jesus Christ and His righteousness. Since believers are not guilty, they cannot be punished and will not suffer the wrath of God.
Is tribulation equal to wrath?
Having said that, I need to make the distinction between wrath and tribulation. The two words are also two separate words in the original Greek. Both words involve the suffering of the effected parties. However, the source of the suffering is quite different. Tribulation is the unrighteous persecution of believers by unbelievers. Wrath is the righteous punishment of God poured out on those who reject Him. The Church will not suffer the wrath of God, but will be raptured or spared in some way from His judgment.
Why would God allow the Church to suffer through the Great Tribulation?
However, I believe that God will not remove the Church from the Great Tribulation that will be exercised against her by the unrighteous. The reason that God allows tribulation against His Church is several- fold. First, tribulation produces perseverance:
And not only this, but we also exult in our tribulations, knowing that tribulation brings about perseverance; (Romans 5:3, NSAB)
Be devoted to one another in brotherly love; give preference to one another in honor; not lagging behind in diligence, fervent in spirit, serving the Lord; rejoicing in hope, persevering in tribulation, devoted to prayer, contributing to the needs of the saints, practicing hospitality. Bless those who persecute you; bless and curse not. (Romans 12:11-14)
In addition, tribulation requires believers to rely upon the power of the Spirit instead of their own means. The persecuted church has always been more faithful and prayerful to Christ.
Does the Bible promise that believers will escape tribulation?
No! In fact, Jesus promised that we would suffer persecution for our faith:
"These things I have spoken to you, that in Me you may have peace. In the world you have tribulation, but take courage; I have overcome the world." (John 16:33)
Other passages tell of the tribulation suffered by the early Church:
Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? Shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword? (Romans 8:35)
You also became imitators of us and of the Lord, having received the word in much tribulation with the joy of the Holy Spirit, (1 Thessalonians 1:6)
'Do not fear what you are about to suffer. Behold, the devil is about to cast some of you into prison, that you may be tested, and you will have tribulation ten days. Be faithful until death, and I will give you the crown of life. (Revelation 2:10)
Jesus described how believers would suffer tribulation at the hands of the unrighteous;
"Then they will deliver you to tribulation, and will kill you, and you will be hated by all nations on account of My name. ...for then there will be a great tribulation, such as has not occurred since the beginning of the world until now, nor ever shall." (Matthew 24:9, 21)
God's mercy in tribulation
However, God, in His sovereignty, will end the suffering of the Church, rapture believers, and pour out His wrath on the unrighteous.
"And unless those days had been cut short, no life would have been saved; but for the sake of the elect those days shall be cut short. (Matthew 24:22)
"But immediately after the tribulation of those days THE SUN WILL BE DARKENED, AND THE MOON WILL NOT GIVE ITS LIGHT, AND THE STARS WILL FALL from the sky, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken, and then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the SON OF MAN COMING ON THE CLOUDS OF THE SKY with power and great glory. "And He will send forth His angels with A GREAT TRUMPET and THEY WILL GATHER TOGETHER His elect from the four winds, from one end of the sky to the other. (Matthew 24:29-31)
In addition, the book of Revelation describes the huge number of believers who have been raptured out of the Great Tribulation:
After these things I looked, and behold, a great multitude, which no one could count, from every nation and all tribes and peoples and tongues, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed in white robes... And one of the elders answered, saying to me, "These who are clothed in the white robes, who are they, and from where have they come?" And I said to him, "My lord, you know." And he said to me, "These are the ones who come out of the great tribulation, and they have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. (Revelation 7:9-14)
Pretribulation rapture proponents claim that this uncountable number of believers are Jews who are converted between the rapture of the Church and the end of the Great Tribulation. However, the number is much too large for this to be reasonable. This same book (Revelation) describes an army consisting of 200 million men.2 Obviously, a number which is uncountable must be much large than this (probably at least 1 billion). There are not enough Jews in Israel (nor is it likely that that large a number will ever be in Israel) to account for this large a number of believers. Therefore, this number must include the Church, which comes out of the Great Tribulation.
From these studies, one can see that there is a significant difference between the wrath of God (which is judgment directed at the unrighteous) and the tribulation (which is the persecution directed at believers). Throughout the Bible, God is consistent in His treatment of humans. He allows individuals to persecute His people, and rarely interferes with that choice. At the times of the end, God will allow the unrighteous to persecute believers to an extent that "has not occurred since the beginning of the world until now, nor ever shall," before ending their reign of terror. God then removes believers from the earth before executing judgment on the unrighteous. The Bible makes it clear that the Church will not suffer the wrath of God.1
Although I like the NIV for its readability, it suffers some problems, especially regarding this issue. The word "tribulation" is only used once (Revelation 7:14). In the other instances, it uses words such as "trouble" and "persecution", so that it is impossible to know what the original Greek is referring to. The NASB does a much better job, although even it is not perfect, since it also uses other words occasionally. If you are looking for a good (and free!) electronic Bible reference, please check e-sword.net.
- Commentary on Revelation - An excellent commentary of the entire book of Revelation, in addition to information on the rapture.
- Eschatology by Scott - A nice summary with tables of parallel passages.
- The Watchmans Post End times prophecy, second coming of Jesus, news and commentary.
Before God's Wrath by H.L. Nigro, a friend of GodAndScience.org. This new book looks at the rapture question from the scriptures (both Old and New Testament). It is very well documented and includes many figures that compare parallel passages in the scriptures. It is endorsed by Marvin Rosenthal, President of Zion's Hope. According to Mr. Rosenthal, "Each month I receive dozens of articles and manuscripts to evaluate or endorse for publication. I do not endorse what I am not genuinely enthusiastic about. I am enthusiastic about this book. Within its pages, the readers will not find speculation or sensationalism. However, they will find a powerful and convincing presentation for the chronological sequence of the Lord's second coming and its practical implication for the believer." A highly recommended book!
The Pre-Wrath Rapture of the Church by Marvin J. Rosenthal. This is the classic pre-wrath interpretation of the Lord's second coming by Marvin Rosenthal, President of Zion's Hope and The Holy Land Experience.
The Rapture Question Answered : Plain and Simple by Robert D. Van Kampen
Post-Tribulation and Pre-Wrath by Don Montgomery
- Much more then, having now been justified by His blood,
we shall be saved from the wrath of God through Him. (Romans 5:9)
and to wait for His Son from heaven, whom He raised from the dead, that is Jesus, who delivers us from the wrath to come. (1 Thessalonians 1:10)
For God has not destined us for wrath, but for obtaining salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ, (1 Thessalonians 5:9)
- And the number of the armies of the horsemen was two hundred million; I heard the number of them. (Revelation 9:16)
We are what we think.
- 10/25/2016 07:07 AM
3 Books to Deepen Your Delight in Jesus
I have a new book coming out in early 2017 titled God among Sages: Why Jesus Is Not Just Another Religious Leader (Baker Books). In this new volume, I compare Jesus with Buddha, Krishna, Confucius, and Muhammad. In preparation for writing my new book, I read close to 100 books about the life and ministry of Jesus Christ and about…
- 10/18/2016 07:00 AM
Christian Thinkers 101: A Crash Course on St. Basil
Not many people are known as so-and-so “the Great.” But St. Basil the Great was one of the finest thinkers, writers, and preachers in Christian church history. What did this man believe, and what did he ultimately contribute to historic Christianity? Here’s your crash course on the life and accomplishments of St. Basil the Great—and why he still matters today.…
- 10/11/2016 07:00 AM
Should We Read Print Books or E-books?
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- 10/04/2016 07:00 AM
Christian Thinkers 101: A Crash Course on Tertullian
Though he died almost 18 centuries ago, Tertullian is often quoted today in theological and apologetics circles. But what did this man believe and what did he ultimately contribute to historic Christianity? Here’s your crash course on the life and accomplishments of Tertullian—and why he still matters today. Who Was Tertullian? Tertullian (c. 160–220) was a North African church father…
- 09/27/2016 10:00 AM
Reflections on Social Media: Is Digital Networking a Good Phenomenon? Part 2
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- 09/20/2016 07:00 AM
Reflections on Social Media: Is Digital Networking a Good Phenomenon? Part 1
In July 2016, the Facebook Messenger app marked the amazing milestone of having 1 billion daily active users.1 And Twitter now claims 313 million monthly active users.2 There are also numerous other social networking sites that are extremely popular, including YouTube, LinkedIn, Google Plus, Instagram, etc.3 Since social media doesn’t look like it’s going away anytime soon, I have decided to write a couple…
- 09/13/2016 01:31 PM
Lessons About Evil: Reflections on the Movie Anthropoid
Reinhard Heydrich (1904–1942) was a Nazi leader who impressed Adolf Hitler with his unbridled brutality. Historians consider Heydrich to be the central mastermind of the greatest state-sponsored crime in history—the Holocaust. As an evil genius, he planned the systematic extermination of 6 million Jews and 5 million other non-Jewish victims totaling a staggering 11 million people. Heydrich’s ruthless cruelty earned him such ominous…
- 09/06/2016 07:00 AM
A Review of Patterns of Evidence
In his film Patterns of Evidence: The Exodus, documentary filmmaker Timothy Mahoney recreates his search for the historical truth behind the Jews’ exodus from Egypt. I previewed this film at a theatrical release in February 2015. The documentary is now widely available for rent and purchase, and I’ve noticed that it’s been getting some promotion within the Christian apologetics community…
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- 08/30/2016 07:00 AM
Christian Thinkers 101: A Crash Course on Irenaeus
Irenaeus was one of the first Christians to defend the faith against Gnosticism, but what exactly did he believe and what else did he contribute to Christianity? Here’s your crash course on the life and accomplishments of Irenaeus—and why he still matters today. Who Was Irenaeus? Irenaeus (c. 130–202) was a Greek thinker who was born in Asia Minor to…
- 08/23/2016 07:00 AM
The Image of God Gives All Human Life Value
Lethal acts of terrorism, controversial police shootings, and attacks upon law enforcement officers have left many unsettled in America. These horrific public killings cause many to wonder whose lives really matter in life. So do all human lives have value? And, if so, on what basis do they carry worth? Without debating the controversial social and political issues involved, I…
Last Modified June 21, 2008