Scientific DataSwinging chimpanzee

Human - chimpanzee genetic comparison

  • ~95-99% Genetic Similarity

    • Base Replacement of one nucleotide in a DNA sequence by another nucleotide or replacement of one amino acid in a protein by another amino acid.substitutions 1.4% 

    • A type of chromosomal abnormality in which a DNA sequence is inserted into a gene, disrupting the normal structure and function of that gene.Insertions/Deletions 3.4%

  • Common Descent (?)

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Slide 70 of 109


Scientific data shows that humans share a high degree of genetic similarity to the apes, especially chimpanzees. Before 2002, it was commonly claimed that humans differed genetically from chimpanzees by 1-2%. However, following the completion of the human All the DNA contained in an organism or a cell, which includes both the chromosomes within the nucleus and the DNA in mitochondria.genome project's complete genetic The order of nucleotides in a DNA or RNA molecule, or the order of amino acids in a protein molecule.sequence, and the beginning of the chimpanzee All the DNA contained in an organism or a cell, which includes both the chromosomes within the nucleus and the DNA in mitochondria.genome The order of nucleotides in a DNA or RNA molecule, or the order of amino acids in a protein molecule.sequence, we now have a much better estimate of the genetic difference. Gene The order of nucleotides in a DNA or RNA molecule, or the order of amino acids in a protein molecule.sequence differences are very close to what had been previously estimated at 1.4%. However, there are quite a few Chromosomal abnormalities in which a DNA sequences are inserted into genes, disrupting the normal structure and function of those genes.insertions and deletions found in comparing the two The order of nucleotides in a DNA or RNA molecule, or the order of amino acids in a protein molecule.sequences. These differences equal 3.4%. Therefore, the total genetic difference between chimpanzees and humans is now seen as being 4.8%1 - much larger than previously thought. Such a large genetic difference now brings into question the paradigm of common descent.


References Top of page

  1. Britten, R.J. 2002. Divergence between samples of chimpanzee and human Deoxyribonucleic acid: the chemical inside the nucleus of a cell that carries the genetic instructions for making living organisms.DNA The order of nucleotides in a DNA or RNA molecule, or the order of amino acids in a protein molecule.sequences is 5%, counting indels. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99: 13633-16335.

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Last Modified June 21, 2006

 

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