Physical Differences Between Neandertals and Humans

  • Large nose

  • Large sinuses

  • Structure of the inner ear (right)

  • Higher larynx

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Slide 52 of 109

Neandertals had large noses and sinus cavities.1 Since they lived in cold climates, this design would help them warm the air they breathed. Neandertals exhibit differences in their inner ear bones, the structure of which lies between that of chimpanzees and humans.2 The higher larynx implies that Neandertals probably did not have the ability to speak.1

References Top of page

  1. Christopher Stringer and Robin McKie, African Exodus. The Origins of Modern Humanity (New York, NY: Henry Holt and Company, 1996), pp. 85-114.

  2. Hublin, J.-J., F. Spoor, M. Braun, F. Zonneveld, and S. Condemi. 1996. A late Neanderthal associated with Upper Palaeolithic artefacts. Nature  381: 224-226.
Last Modified June 21, 2006


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